Here are 5 special animals that can be found in the Canada wildlife population!
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The Polar Bear
Found only in the Arctic, polar bears are the largest of the world’s bears, weighing in at between 650 pounds and 110 pounds. Polar bears are also the only mammal known to intentionally stalk, hunt and eat humans. These mammals don’t stay in one place, but travel in search of food, and they aren’t afraid to raid cabins and dumps for scraps.They are members of the endangered species list due to climate change, lack of food and poaching.
North American Elk
This elk is much larger than the average deer, and is closer in size to a moose than a regular elk. They are great swimmers and fast runners, with large horns on their heads. An average male lives to about 14 years old, while the average female lives to about 24 years old. Due to overhunting, many of these elk are raised on farms to protect the species. But the wild North American Elk is found in British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and the Yukon Territories.
Making their homes in Northern Canada, Lemmings come in different species, but for the most part, share the same look: like a fat hamster with a very furry coat. Females give birth about seven babies every five weeks or so, and both male and female eat only berries, plants and lichens.
The arctic fox is a completely white fox, about the size of a small collie, and the weight of a house cat. They are mostly found in the far north, Arctic Circle, living together in dens or burrows in hillsides, riverbanks and cliffs. They like to hunt in packs. This mammal is not yet considered an endangered species, but is a popular target for hunters in awe of its alluring white fur coat.
Vancouver Island Marmot
This is a small animal about the size of a house cat, much like a gopher with the face of a beaver. It is found only on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, and lives to the ripe old age of 10 years. There are only about 200 still alive, but not more than 30 have been found, making it one of the world’s most rare, and endangered mammals.
Endangered Species of Canadian Wildlife:
Currently, there are 516 species of plants and animals considered endangered in Canada, according to the Species at Risk Act. If you would like to learn more, or get involved, you can click here to learn about the Canadian Wildlife Federation’s work in helping to minimize this number.
Other Fun Facts about Canadian Wildlife:
Caribou: If you ever see a Caribou on its hind legs, it is probably alerting other caribou to danger, by releasing a special scent from the gland at the bottom of its ankles.
Grizzly Bear: These mammals, which weigh between 125 pounds and 350 pounds, are the second largest land dwelling carnivores in North America.
Atlantic Puffin: These birds are terrible at flying, despite their wings. It takes between 300 and 400 beats of their wings per minute to stay airborne. Many choose to stick to the ground.
Raccoon: This furry little nuisance gets its name from the word “arukan,” of Algonquian origin, which means “he who scratches with his hands.” That’s is why you never want to get to close!
Snowy Owl: Unlike many of their related owl species, these birds are not nocturnal. They are believed to have adapted to their environmental conditions of almost constant daylight during periods in the Arctic.
Wolverine: These odd looking creatures are in fact not related to wolves at all, but considered a part of the weasel family.
Prairie Rattlesnake: Its claim to fame is that this is the only venomous snake that lives in the Canadian Prairies.