Canadian Wildlife – Fun Facts

Here are 5 special animals that can be found in the Canada wildlife population!

Photo Credit:, cc
Photo Credit: Flickr, cc

The Polar Bear

Found only in the Arctic, polar bears are the largest of the world’s bears, weighing in at between 650 pounds and 110 pounds. Polar bears are also the only mammal known to intentionally stalk, hunt and eat humans. These mammals don’t stay in one place, but travel in search of food, and they aren’t afraid to raid cabins and dumps for scraps.They are members of the endangered species list due to climate change, lack of food and poaching.

North American Elk

This elk is much larger than the average deer, and is closer in size to a moose than a regular elk. They are great swimmers and fast runners, with large horns on their heads. An average male lives to about 14 years old, while the average female lives to about 24 years old. Due to overhunting, many of these elk are raised on farms to protect the species. But the wild North American Elk is found in British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and the Yukon Territories.


Making their homes in Northern Canada, Lemmings come in different species, but for the most part, share the same look: like a fat hamster with a very furry coat. Females give birth about seven babies every five weeks or so, and both male and female eat only berries, plants and lichens.

Arctic Fox

The arctic fox is a completely white fox, about the size of a small collie, and the weight of a house cat. They are mostly found in the far north, Arctic Circle, living together in dens or burrows in hillsides, riverbanks and cliffs. They like to hunt in packs. This mammal is not yet considered an endangered species, but is a popular target for hunters in awe of its alluring white fur coat.

Vancouver Island Marmot

This is a small animal about the size of a house cat, much like a gopher with the face of a beaver. It is found only on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, and lives to the ripe old age of 10 years. There are only about 200 still alive, but not more than 30 have been found, making it one of the world’s most rare, and endangered mammals.


Endangered Species of Canadian Wildlife:

Currently, there are 516 species of plants and animals considered endangered in Canada, according to the Species at Risk Act. If you would like to learn more, or get involved, you can click here to learn about the Canadian Wildlife Federation’s work in helping to minimize this number.


Other Fun Facts about Canadian Wildlife:

Caribou: If you ever see a Caribou on its hind legs, it is probably alerting other caribou to danger, by releasing a special scent from the gland at the bottom of its ankles.

Grizzly Bear: These mammals, which weigh between 125 pounds and 350 pounds, are the second largest land dwelling carnivores in North America.

Atlantic Puffin: These birds are terrible at flying, despite their wings. It takes between 300 and 400 beats of their wings per minute to stay airborne. Many choose to stick to the ground.

Raccoon: This furry little nuisance gets its name from the word “arukan,” of Algonquian origin, which means “he who scratches with his hands.” That’s is why you never want to get to close!

Snowy Owl: Unlike many of their related owl species, these birds are not nocturnal. They are believed to have adapted to their environmental conditions of almost constant daylight during periods in the Arctic.

Wolverine: These odd looking creatures are in fact not related to wolves at all, but considered a part of the weasel family.

Prairie Rattlesnake: Its claim to fame is that this is the only venomous snake that lives in the Canadian Prairies.


Want to learn more about animals roaming Canada? Sign up for and get full access to “The Guide.” Read the “Animals” chapter for more information on this topic.


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About Georgia

For years, I knew that I wanted to move to Canada to get my postsecondary education. From the exciting and diverse museums, nightlife and dining found in the big cities, to the wealth of natural beauty, I was captivated by the country. I was a little nervous to travel all the way from Australia, but I knew the experience would teach me a lot. It’s true that relocation is never easy. The packing, shipping and visa formalities can all be complicated. But with careful planning and a little help from the veteran relocators (like me!) you’ll be settling in and enjoying the vibrancy of Canadian living in no time. // Depuis plusieurs années, je savais que le Canada était le pays parfait où je pouvais obtenir mon diplôme d’études secondaires. J’étais captivée par les villes du Canada que ce soit par les musées, les soirées, les repas dans les grandes villes ou encore la proximité de la beauté des paysages. J’étais anxieuse à l’idée de faire le voyage à partir de l’Australie mais je savais que cette expérience allait m’apprendre énormément de choses. C’est vrai que la relocalisation n’est jamais facile. L’emballage des affaires, l’expédition et les formalités de visa peuvent être stressants et compliqués mais avec une bonne organisation et un peu d’aide des anciens relocalisés ( comme moi ), vous serez rapidement installé et pourrez profiter de la trépidante vie canadienne en peu de temps.