Pesticides in Quebec

For more than 20 years, the Quebec government has been working to control pesticides in order to help protect the drinking water in cities and towns, as well as to avoid the harmful health effects these products can have on animal and humans. The general rule if you are looking to kill weeds in your driveway or garden is to go to a store like RONA or Canadian Tire, and buy a product that is ready-to-use. Since they are sold by retailers, these products are allowed to be used. Bottom line, if you cannot buy it in Quebec at a store, then it is not legal to use, and you are subject to fines and penalties.

Credit: Jamie McCaffrey via Flckr, cc

Lawn care pesticides in Quebec are regulated by the Pesticides Act and the Environment Quality Act. These two acts are administered by the “Ministère du Développement Durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les Changements Climatiques.

Approved in 1987, and with modifications made in 1993, The Pesticides Act aims to prevent any harm to human health, as well as any harmful effects on the environment, while reducing the use of pesticides in Quebec. The act controls the use of harmful pesticides in Quebec, warns people on the negative effects of such products, and instructs about how to find viable alternatives to replace pesticides.

Pesticides are classified into five levels of environmental and human health impact

Pesticides in Classes 1 and 2 are restricted for use. Those in Class 3 can be used for agricultural, industrial or commercial purposes. Classes 4 and 5 are considered products for domestic use.

Class 1: Pesticides which contain one or more ingredients of aldrin, aldicarb, chlordane, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, and pesticides that are not required for registration according to the Pest Control Act

Class 2: Restricted use under the Federal Pest Control Products Act

Class 3: Pesticides for agricultural, industrial, or commercial use by the Pest Control Products Act

Class 4: Pesticides considered to be for domestic use by the Pest Control Products Act. These are mostly concentrates, and includes mixtures of pesticides and fertilizers for lawns.

Class 5: These are pesticides that are ready-to-use products sold for domestic purposes.

For in-depth information about the Pesticides Act, click here.


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About Catherine

It’s always been easy for me to have lots of love for Canada. As a native Canadian, I enjoy a both the vibrant cities full of excitement for young people, and the many opportunities to explore more remote parts of the country too. In my day-to-day life, it’s important for me to live an eco-friendly and health-conscious lifestyle. I like to take my kids on outings to the apple orchard in fall, a sugar shack in the spring, and to the many city parks during winter for ice skating, cross country skiing and snowman building. What better way for me to show my thanks to Canada then to help others with their journies of relocating to the country? I hope that I, and the rest of the team, can help ease your mind during your transition. Il n’a jamais été difficile pour moi d’aimer le Canada. En tant que Canadien d’origine, je profite d’une ville dynamique, riche en activités pour les jeunes mais aussi de possibilités pour explorer d’autres endroits du pays. Dans ma vie quotidienne, il est important pour moi de vivre en respectant l’environnement et la santé. J’aime amener mes enfants dans les pommeraies l’automne, dans une cabane à sucre au printemps et dans les nombreux parcs de la ville pour patiner en hiver, faire du ski de fond et des bonhommes de neige. Aider les autres dans leur relocalisation dans ce pays est une des meilleures façon de remercier le Canada. J’espère que l’équipe de et moi pourrons vous soulager dans votre période de transition. //